Lord of The Rings

Lord of The Rings
Lord of The Rings

One Ring to rule them all,
One Ring to find them.
One Ring to bring them all,
And in the darkness bind them.

When asked by a correspondent in what era he perceived the setting for his famous 1950's trilogy, The Lord of the Rings, the author J. R. R. Tolkien replied, "In about 4000 BC". Tolkien was an Oxford University professor of Anglo-Saxon language, and an avid student of ancient history with the archival wealth of ages at his fingertips. He therefore moulded his story accordingly, knowing that this was indeed the founding era of the Ring Lords who governed Euro-Asia (from Transylvania to Tibet) in long distant times.

Much has been discussed in recent times about the possibility of such a lineage, but first-hand historical evidence of the family has never yet been fully presented. Through a process of documentary analysis, The Grail Enigma now reveals the facts of this sacred genealogical descent.

Shamash the sun-god of Babylonia
Shamash Sun-God of Babylonia

In the Norse and Germanic traditions, the god Odin (or Wotan) was said to have ruled the mighty Kingdoms of the Rings, holding the supreme One Ring to govern the others, just as portrayed by Tolkien. In ancient Mesopotamia the same was said of Shamash the sun-god of Babylonia; also of Anu the sky-god of Sumer, Lord of the Rings.

The Ring, having no beginning nor end, was a symbol of eternal justice, and the appointed Ring Lords (such as Ur-Nammu and Hammurabi), who emulated their gods, were considered the wisest and most just of men and were said to be the Shining Ones. Made of pure gold, the judicial Ring was held in ceremony along with a delineated rod known as the Rule, with which to measure the Ring's justice. The Ring Lord who held the Rule was the designated 'ruler'. In time the Rings became more ornate and were worn on the Lords' heads, eventually to become crowns, while the Rules in turn became royal sceptres.

Ur-Nammu and Hammurabi
Ur-Nammu and Hammurabi

Although generally perceived to be a male device, the Ring was also presented to the Great Ladies as a marriage token of the Ring Lords. In time, instead of being a golden headband, the Ring was made smaller to be worn on the bridal finger. In Arthurian lore, Queen Guinevere's token of marital reciprocation was an iron-clad Ring of Knights, who sat in assembly at the Round Table of Camelot. When the Ring was broken by her infidelity with Lancelot the kingdom fell into ruin.

The sacred power of the Ring was traditionally symbolized by a ritual dance, as performed in legend by Apollo and the Muses. During the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, however, the Ring Dance (often performed around a maypole, market cross or mulberry bush) was prohibited by the Church, for it was reckoned to be a devilish act which would conjure evil spirits. Had the bishops consulted their own records they would have seen that, in the early days of Christianity, St. Augustine wrote at length about a particular Ring Dance of old Judaea, which (according to his sources) was performed by Jesus and the Apostles.

maypole market cross or mulberry bush

Even though the very word Church comes from the old Greek word 'circe' (defining a circle or ring), the Inquisitors paid no heed to the fact that their own establishment was based on the ancient Temple Rings of Assembly. From the Greco-Phoenician word 'Phare' (whence derives Pharaoh) meaning a Great House, these auspicious gatherings were known as Phare Rings - or Fairy Rings as they were later phonetically called. In practice, the Arthurian Round Table was a Ring of Assembly, while monuments such as Stonehenge and Newgrange also bear witness to the original Ring culture.

Lilith the Great Ring Ladies
Lilith the Great Ring Ladies

From medieval times, the traditional succession of the Ring Lords was superseded by the papal coronation of kings, thereby divesting people of any democratic choice in the matter. It was determined that the long-standing Fairy and Elven customs were associated with witchcraft, which was founded upon the "insatiable wantonness of women"! This ludicrous concept was based on the fact that, back in ancient Mesopotamia, the high priestesses of the temples were indeed Ring Ladies in their own right. Lilith the Great was depicted with her own Ring and Rule in the 3rd millennium BC - but this was anathema to the newly devised male-only priesthood of Rome. Lilith, they pronounced, was therefore a witch!

The papal machine went so far as to slaughter some 35,000 Ring Lord supporters in a savage campaign from 1209. The Cathars of Languedoc were adherents of the Anjou bloodline of Mêlusine, the Mermaid-Queen of the Holy Grail. In her role as a Shining One, they referred to her as an Elf (or, in the language of old Provence, an Albi), while the Grail dynasty in general was called the 'Albi-gens' (Elven bloodline). The Cathars refused to acknowledge the ineligible dynasty of Church-installed monarchs, and so the Vatican troops were sent with the order to "Kill them all"! In allusion to the elven nature of the Cathar tradition, the brutal onslaught was called the Albigensian Crusade.

J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings tells of the hobbit Frodo Baggins and his friends who, with the aid of the wizard Gandalf, embark on a perilous journey to cast the Ring of the evil Lord Sauron into the hellfire of the Mount of Doom. The Ring, which binds various others within its awesome power, is having a negative effect on the environment of Middle-earth, and it must be destroyed. Meanwhile, although the Elves have driven out Sauron's dark forces, they (aided by the Orcs and Black Riders) gather in the Land of Mordor, where they plot to retrieve the Ring. As in all such stories, however, the Ring carries its own curse, and will destroy those who attempt to interfere with its magic.

Alongside Professor Tolkien's story, the Ring Cycle is told from a different perspective in Richard Wagner's epic grand-opera The Ring of the Nibelungen. Based on the Nordic Volsunga Saga and the Germanic folklore of The Nibelungenlied, the Ring binds the warrior Siegfried to the Valkyrie battle-maiden Brunhilde, a daughter of the god Wotan. Following a tempestuous relationship, culminating in Brunhilde's Juliet-style suicide, it is clear that the Ring (just as in The Lord of the Rings) must be returned to where it was forged - in this instance to the Rhinemaidens who made it from the flat-stone of the Rhinegold.

With the 'Lord of the Rings' cinema films now riding high in the popularity polls, Laurence Gardner's book, Realm of the Ring Lords discusses these various historical and mythological aspects of the Ring culture in some detail. It also crosses some rather less obvious frontiers of the colourful tradition, and in this regard we meet with enchanting characters such as Sleeping Beauty, Rapunzel, Robin Hood, King Arthur and even Count Dracula. Not least, we discover how the ancient history of the Ring Lords gave rise to the annual Yuletide festival, and of how the gift-bringing legacy of the ancient Shaitan Klaus, lives on today in the popular figure of Santa Claus.

Search Books Translated Page Additional Content Artist Content Book Covers Credits